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Dave Johnson Dental Lab, Inc. Wednesday, June 12th, 2024

Immediate vs. Traditional Dentures

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Dentures are a common solution for tooth replacement, offering functional and aesthetic benefits. There are two primary types of dentures: immediate dentures and traditional dentures. Traditional dentures are fitted after gum healing for a better fit, while immediate dentures are fitted right after tooth extraction for function and shape. The choice between immediate dentures vs traditional dentures should be based on the patient’s specific needs, lifestyle, and priorities, in consultation with their dental professional. 

Immediate dentures

Immediate dentures are prosthetic devices placed immediately after tooth extraction. They serve as a temporary solution until the gums heal and a permanent set can be fitted.

Advantages of Immediate Dentures:

Here are some benefits of immediate dentures:

  • Instant tooth replacement: It provides immediate restoration of appearance and function, preventing the patient from being without teeth.
  • Healing aid: Helps to protect extraction sites and helps control bleeding and swelling during the initial healing period.
  • Adjustability: It can be relined or adjusted as the gums heal and shrink, ensuring a better fit over time.
  • Psychological benefit: Helps maintain the patient’s self-esteem and confidence by avoiding the embarrassment of being without teeth.

Disadvantages of Immediate Dentures:

Here are some drawbacks to immediate dentures:

  • Fit issues: If immediate dentures are made before tooth extraction, they might not fit as well as traditional dentures, leading to discomfort and the need for adjustments.
  • Frequent adjustments: It requires multiple visits to the dentist for adjustments as the gum tissue heals and changes shape, which can be time-consuming.
  • Higher initial cost: It is more expensive compared to traditional dentures due to the need for immediate fabrication and subsequent adjustments.
  • Potential for bone resorption: Immediate dentures may contribute to faster bone loss in the jaw due to the pressure exerted during the healing process.

Traditional Dentures

Traditional dentures are fabricated after the gums have healed post-extraction, ensuring a more precise fit. The process usually takes several weeks.

Advantages of traditional dentures

Here are some of the of the benefits of traditional dentures:

  • Better fit: Made after the gums have healed, leading to a more accurate and comfortable fit.
  • Long-term solution: Designed to be a long-term solution with fewer adjustments needed over time.
  • Cost-effective: Generally less expensive in the long run due to fewer adjustments and a better initial fit.
  • Durability: Typically more durable and stable due to the precise fit and better materials used after the healing period.

Disadvantages of traditional dentures

Here are some drawbacks to traditional dentures:

  • Waiting period: Patients must wait for the gums to heal (usually 6–8 weeks), leaving them without teeth for a while.
  • Temporary solutions needed: This may require temporary solutions like flippers or stay-at-home plates during the healing period.
  • Initial discomfort: Adjusting to the feel of the dentures can take time, and some initial discomfort might be experienced.
  • Multiple visits: This requires several dental visits for impressions, fittings, and adjustments before the final dentures are made.

illustration-of-immediate-vs-traditional-denture-sets

Key Differences Between Immediate and Traditional Dentures.

These differences can significantly impact a patient’s experience and satisfaction with their dentures, making it essential to consider which type best suits their individual needs and circumstances. Immediate denture comparison is for those who need an instant solution to tooth loss, requiring more adjustments and higher initial costs. Traditional denture comparisons  provide a better long-term fit, comfort, and cost-effectiveness, making them suitable for those who can’t wait for the gums to heal before getting their dentures.

  • Timing of placement: Immediate dentures are placed immediately after tooth extraction; traditional dentures are fabricated and placed after the gums have healed post-extraction, typically taking several weeks.
  • Fit and comfort: Immediate dentures are made before tooth extraction, potentially leading to fit issues and requiring frequent adjustments. While traditional dentures are made after the gums have healed, ensuring a more accurate and comfortable fit with fewer adjustments needed over time.
  • Aesthetics: Immediate dentures provide instant restoration of appearance, maintaining aesthetics immediately after extraction. Whereas, traditional dentures often provide a more natural appearance once fitted due to better customization and fit.
  • Functionality: Immediate dentures restore function quickly but may not perform as well initially due to fit issues. While traditional dentures typically offer better functionality over the long term due to a more precise fit.
  • Cost: Immediate dentures might have a higher initial cost due to immediate fabrication and multiple adjustments. While traditional dentures are generally less expensive in the long run due to fewer adjustments and a better initial fit.
  • Convenience: Immediate dentures are convenient for the immediate restoration of teeth to avoid being without teeth during the healing process. Whereas, traditional dentures involve a waiting period but result in a better long-term solution with a precise fit.

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